01 Jul 23 – RIPOLLTIZON – Social housing in Sa Pobla, Mallorca (E)
Designer or design team: Jose Ripoll Vaquer and Juan Miguel Tizon Garau (Project leaders)
The project has been submitted by: Juan Miguel Tizon Garau
Plot area: 1.145 mq
Gross Area: 2.498 mq
Residential: 60 %
Public/communal areas: 15%
Facilities for the public: 25%
Number of residential units: 19
Typology of users: temporary residents
Total building costs: 1.576.224,00 €
Building Cost = Total Building Cost / Gross Area: 631 €/mq
Floor area ratio = Gross Area / Plot Area: 2,18
Work started on date: Wednesday, 16th June 2010
Work completion date: Tuesday, 11th September 2012
The project consist in the construction of 19 social housing units in a plot located in the fringe of the urban fabric of Sa Pobla, a small town in the Mediterranean island of Mallorca.
The elements with which to develop the project are not far away. They are features that tell us about the climate, the context and the way we live. Simply walking around the place and looking at… the courtyards, the filters, the light, the plots configuration, the small scale of the buildings… the singularity of each of the houses and the amazing configurations that emerge when they are grouped… not really knowing where one house ends and the next one begins…
The aim is to give significance to the nuances and tangible scale of the domesticity and the details. Search the surprise.
HOUSING CLUSTERS – AGGREGATION RULES
We developed a catalogue of houses that were grouped three-dimensionally (aggregation) following rules that were precise and simple, but also open enough to solve a housing complex adapted to the diversity of situations that the programme and the context required.
From an urban point of view, the proposal complies with the street alignment and puts in value the depth of the plot exploiting its land use possibilities. The volume of the housing complex is stretched between the boundaries, playing with the party walls that limit the plot (obliterating some and putting others in value) and wrapping an interior courtyard that organizes the circulations and public areas, like a square.
The housing units are generated from base module of single or double height (module living-dining-kitchen) to which other smaller spaces are added (modules bedroom-bathroom / bedroom-storage).
The different possibilities of aggregation result either in different spatial configurations for a similar group of modules or in different house sizes depending on the number of modules added. This spatial aggregation logic allows a flexible design process in which each house is considered simultaneously as a unit and in relation to the whole group. It allows to create a varied landscape, rich in shades and tailored to its physical context without losing the quality, rigor and standardization that the social housing development requires.
The sustainable design is also approached in respect to the context. The project utilizes traditional passives strategies such as good orientation, cross ventilation, shading elements and courtyards that create a building that is permeable to the wind and the sun. These passive and user friendly strategies intend to reduce further maintenance costs so that the building is affordable for the future users.
Institut Balear de L’HabitatgeE (IBAVI)
Promoter: Institut Balear de L’HabitatgeE (IBAVI)
Allotment rule: Rental for low income families RENTAL FOR LOW INCOME FAMILIES
Reduction cost percentage compared to the market value:
City/town: Sa Pobla (Mallorca)
Address: Calle Mercat 92