3_Canova | M2R Architettura



Project title: Canova

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The project has been submitted by:
Lorenzo Rapisarda, Studio M2R Architettura



City: Reggio Emilia

Address: Via Campania 26, Reggio Emilia 



Designer or design team architects:

Arch. Lorenzo Rapisarda
Eng. Luca Monti
Arch. Marco Borghi


Plot Area: 3.729 sqm

Gross Area: 3.050 sqm

Of which residential: 80%
Public/communal areas: 20 %
Facilities for the public: 0%
Offices: 0 %

Number of residential units: 20
Typology of users: Families, Old-aged people
Total building costs Euros: 3.600.000,00 €
Building Cost = Total Bulding Cost / Gross Area: 1.180,00 €
Floor area ratio = Gross Area / Plot Area: 0,8
Work started on date: Monday, 1st February 2016
Work completion date: Friday, 30th November 2018


Promoter: La Betulla Società Cooperativa – Housing cooperative
Allotment rule: To cooperative members
Reduction cost percentage compared to the market value:
– assignement 13%
– rent 0%


Cost of construction max: Sale cost is slightly lower by about 13% compared to market price despite the high energetic standards (Class A4 and Class A+ ECOABITA, significantly higher classes than regional standards law).
Rental/sale cost compared to market price: The right of first refusal by Betulla cooperative’s members is based on the seniority of membership / registration in the cooperative itself, and priority is given to the weak social categories.


Rules of allocation: The right of first refusal by Betulla cooperative’s members is based on the seniority of membership / registration in the cooperative itself, and priority is given to the weak social categories.
Protection of fragile categories: Some complex’s housing have been assigned to the handicapped people and elderly who have been accompained and listened during the various design’s phases to create ideal flats and common spaces to their needs.
Involvement of inhabitants in the building process: The inhabitants have been involved in the choices aimed at improving living standard of the housings that are often been adapted to themselves needs.
Community accompaniment in the life of the building: There are some assemblies related to the management and sharing of collective spaces and, more generally, to favor relations between the various “families” of the complex.


Functional mixitè: Housing cuts respond to “contemporary family” needs. 25% are for small families (2/3 people), 25% for medium-sized (4 people) and 50% for large families (5/6 people).
25% are on the ground floor, ideal for the elderly, the handicapped and for pet owners.
Common spaces and shared living: The complex has both internal and external common spaces and it is located in close proximity with neighborhood gathering and service spaces that are easily reachable also through the numerous pedestrian paths present in the area.
Techniques and strategies for environmental saving: The complex, designed and built with environmentally friendly materials, is classified as CLASS A4 and CLASS A + ECOABITA. The systems are heat pump with underfloor heating and photovoltaic roofing. There is a thermal insulating coat (15cm + 30cm poroton).

Description of the project: 

Canova residential complex’s project provides the realization of three twin buildings, absorbed into Emilia Romagna’s landscape and placed at the edge of the urbanized territory, at the base of first hilly slopes, in Canali borough, near to Reggio Emilia city. The buildings have three floors and 6/7 flats each ones.

The project represents the encounter between landascape sensibility and living comfort and, in this perspective, particular attention was paid to materials’s enhancement and plastic forms of the buildings towards the landscape in which they’re placed.
The simple materials used, as warm colored plaster and stone’s basement, create a material alternation able to valorise clean forms of buildings and the superimposition of natural colors, that alternate, as in the adjacent countryside, with passing of the seasons.

Buildings are compact volumes excavated in correspondence of common stairwell which on the top floor, following the course of roofs slopes, becomes double-height, reinterpreting in contemporary way the architecture of traditional rural buildings.

The colors have been studied and researched in every detail using linked tones, while the roof slopes’s course and the alternation between full and empty spaces of the loggias in elevation give strong plastic suggestions to the architecture.

From enegy point of view, the residential complex, is classified as CLASS A4 and CLASS A+ ECOABITA (highly improved standard of Reggio Emilia’s municipality compered to regional law), in fact  it was designed with great attention to energy saving and it was made with eco-friendly materials.

The systems are at heat pump with uderfloor heating and photovoltaic roofing. The thermal insulation coating is very thick (15 cm) and coupled with a poroton block (30 cm).

The complex provides a functional mix and housing cuts able to meeting the “contemporary family” needs.
There are 25% of residential units to small family (2/3 people or elderly), 25% units for medium-sized family (4 people) and the remaining 50% units for large families (5/6 people).
Finally, 25% of the 20 complex’s housing, have been placed on the ground floor which, also thanks to availbility of private gardens, are ideal for encouraging the needs of the elderly, handicapped people and pet owners.